Aurobindo Ghosh Biography in English

by Hussain

Aurobindo Ghosh Biography in English

In this article (Aurobindo Ghosh) the life introduction of Arvind Ghosh (Aurobindo Ghosh Biography in English) is given with facts in English. In the early stages of his life, he was an influential leader who later emerged as a great spiritual, social reformer.

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Even in a book like The Life Divine and The Integral Yoga, you can learn about Sri Aurobindo and his teachings in detail, but if you have not read that book then no problem. After reading this article, you will get to know deeply about the life of Aurobindo Ghosh. (Aurobindo Ghosh Biography in English)

Let’s start with – Introduction to Arvind Ghosh

Aurobindo Ghosh Biography in English

Early life and education

Arvind Ghosh was born on 15 August 1872 in Calcutta, India. Father Krishna Dhanu Ghosh was a doctor and his mother Swarnalata Devi was a skilled housewife and a woman of very religious temperament. His father did not like Indian culture much and paid more attention to Christianity, so he put his children in the English convent school.

His maternal grandfather Shri Raj Narayan Bose was a prominent person of Bengali literature, and his works are unique even today. In 1879, Arvind Ghosh and his brother were sent to England to complete their studies and were admitted to Cambridge at the age of eighteen.

According to the father’s instruction, he applied for ICS while living in Cambridge, and he passed it but failed in an equestrian examination, so he was not allowed to enter the civil service of the Government of India.

Work and promotion

In 1893, Arvind Ghosh returned to India and was appointed to the post of Vice-Principal in a university in Baroda (present Baroda) and started working at a salary of Rs 750 per month.

From 1893 to 1906, he held that position and continued to do his work with honesty and dedication, and acquired the knowledge of Sanskrit, Bengali literature, philosophy and political science, due to which the Maharaja of Baroda impressed him very much.

But after the Bengal Partition of 1906, he quit the job and moved to Bengal and started working at the Bengal National College for a salary of one hundred and fifty rupees. The job was only a means to ignite the flame of freedom in his mind.

Contribution to the freedom struggle

From 1908, Arvind Ghosh played a significant role in India’s freedom struggle. Arvind Ghosh was one of the guides to awakening India’s politics. He published the English daily ‘Vande Mataram’ magazine. In it, without fear, he wrote sharp editorial articles against the British rule.

Arvind Ji also openly supported the boycott of British goods, British courts and other English things. He asked the people to prepare for the Satyagraha, which ignited a fire in the youth of Bengal and they were eager to overthrow the British rule.

Alipore Bomb Case Arvind Ghosh was put in Alipore Central Jail for one year. Chittaranjan Das then defended Mr Arvind Ghosh at the time of the hearing and was acquitted after a memorable trial.

Attraction to spirituality

Once when he was locked in a dirty cell of Alipore Jail, he had a dream in which God is telling him that for freedom, more subtle work is needed to be done because it is time for a change and by doing spiritual practice you can make India subtle. Will have to be convincing.

An atmosphere has to be created in which holy souls also come to the earth and offer sacrifices in this struggle! And God ordered him to go on a divine mission. He used this period of imprisonment for intensive study and practice of the teachings of the Gita. After leaving prison, he started a monthly magazine called Sri Arya in the year 1914, after concentrating on yoga for four years in Pondicherry.

Compositions by Arvind Ghosh

For the next six-and-a-half years, it became a medium for most of his most famous works, which came as a serial. Names included the Gita, The Mystery of the Vedas, Upanishads, The Renaissance in India, War and Self Determination, The Human Cycle, The Ideal of Human Unity and The Future Poetry. In 1926, Mr Arvind retired from public life.

With spiritual powers and psychic, subtle powers, he created an environment in which young, elderly, children or women all came forward to sacrifice themselves for freedom. The news of the martyrdom of people began to happen day by day, whether it was Chandrashekhar Azad or Bhagat Singh such spirits came forward that the British rule eventually had to be uprooted.


Arvind Ghosh never paid attention to worldly achievements. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1943, while in 1950 he was named for his contributions to poems, spiritual and philosophical literature. He was also awarded the Butterworth Award for Literature and the Bedford Award for his contribution to history.

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The life of Arvind Ghosh believed that his brain is more powerful than human and it has the power of a thousand times more soul than the one who has known himself, and then there is no need to know anything.

The death

On 5 December 1950, Arvind Ghosh renounced his body and merged with the whole, after which Indian metaphysics gave him the metaphor of Maharishi, and he was called Maharishi Arvind (Sri Aurobindo).

According to Aurobindo Ghosh, there is nothing called death because the one who considers himself a body is just a garment worn by the soul and the soul never dies. Hope you liked Sri Aurobindo Ghosh Biography in English, the life introduction of Arvind Ghosh.

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