Hello friends, here today we are presenting an inspirational biography of Swami Vivekananda, the rich spiritual personality of India. We are confident that this biography will be liked by all of your readers and will inspire all of you, so let’s start without delaying Swami Vivekananda’s Biography
Swami Vivekananda Biography
Our country India has been the birthplace and workplace of great men for centuries. In this sacred land of the earth, many such personalities were born who made not only India but also the world proud by their thinking and philosophy, Swami Vivekananda was one of such great men.
Swami Vivekananda was a living icon of Indian philosophy, culture, religion, contemplation and patriotic love. Strongly supporting global brotherhood, he introduced the world to the basic foundation of Indian culture and philosophy, spirituality and human values.
Swami Vivekananda’s philosophy and thinking embody the strong coordination between spirituality, religion, energy, society, culture, patriotism and world brotherhood, which is perhaps not found in any person in world history.
Read Also: Tulsidas ke Dohe with Meaning
Due to the coordination between all these qualities and then all those qualities, the energy that erupted in Vivekananda’s inner being became the witness of his immense personality.
The early life of Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda was born on 12 January 1863 in Kolkata, in his childhood, he was named Narendra. His father’s name was Vishwanath Dutt and his mother’s name was Bhuvaneshwari Devi. Vishwanath Dutt was a successful and well-known lawyer of the Kolkata High Court of his time, he was also an expert in English and Persian.
Mata Bhuvaneshwari Devi was a wise and intelligent woman, she was proficient in religious texts like Mahabharata and Ramayana. She was also well versed in English. In such a situation, it was natural that while Narendra got an early knowledge of Western English language at home, he got an opportunity to understand the Hindu religion and culture closely from his mother.
Spirituality had such a profound effect on the child Narendra under the help of his mother that he used to be immersed in meditation at home. It is said that one day he became so engrossed in meditation in the house that when the housemates broke the door of the room and shook them loudly, they went somewhere and broke their attention.
Going forward, this child became the carrier of meditation, spirituality, nationalism, Hinduism, and culture and became known as Swami Vivekananda.
At the age of six, Narendra was admitted to the school. It is about 1877 when he was studying in the third grade. His family suddenly had to go to Raipur due to some reason, circumstantially the boy Narendra’s studies got interrupted in the middle. Then after two years, his family returned to Kolkata, but seeing the grace of God and the skill of child Narendra, the school re-admitted him. The boy Narendra, while not losing time, took so much attention in studies that he completed the three-year course in one year only.
The result of devotion to God and education was that Narendra passed the examination for admission to the college with special merit and got admission to the famous Presidency College, Kolkata. At that time the Principal of the Presidency College, W.D. W. He was very impressed with the talent of young Narendra, he once said ‘I have gone to many countries and I have many dear students but I have not seen a talented and talented disciple like Narendra’.
Students were influenced in life by the ideas of Narendra John Stuart, Herbert Spencer, and Hume. His study brought about a big change in the thoughts of young Narendra. During this time, he inclined the Brahmo Samaj, due to his intense desire to know the truth, he came in contact with Maharishi Devendra Nath Thakur, the leader of the Brahmo Samaj.
One day young Narendra asked Devendra Nath Thakur, ‘Have you seen God?’ He was taken aback by this question of Narendra. To calm the curiosity of young Narendra, he advised Narendra to go to Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa was a priest at the Kali temple in Dakshineswar, Kolkata at that time.
Although Narendra had heard about Ramakrishna Paramahamsa from his college principal William Hastie, his attention was not attracted to Ramakrishna Paramahamsa at that time, now when he heard the mention of him from Devendra Nath Thakur, he decided to meet Paramahamsa And reached out to them.
Here too he asked Paramahansa the same question whether he saw God? Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, answering the question of young Narendra, said, ‘Yes, I have seen and talked, just as I am seeing you and talking to you’.
Young Narendra was greatly influenced by the thoughts of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, he now started visiting the Dakshineswar temple equally and his relationship with Ramakrishna Paramahamsa grew stronger.
A spiritual journey of Swami Vivekananda
Narendra’s father died in the year 1884, the house was clouded by the economic crisis. After his father’s death, he passed the BA examination and started studying law.
At that time his poverty was such that he used to go to college wearing torn clothes and without shoes, but even in this poverty, his attraction towards God and spirituality did not diminish, the closeness between Narendra and Ramakrishna Paramahamsa increased.
Ramakrishna Paramahamsa suffered from cancer in the year 1885 and the next year he went to heaven after that Narendra established Ramakrishna Sangh in Varahanagar. However, it was later renamed Ramakrishna Math.
A few days after the establishment of the Ramakrishna Sangh, young Narendra took a vow of celibacy and sacrifice by performing the Viraja home rites and he became Swami Vivekananda from Narendra. He remained in Varahnagar till the year 1888 and after that, he went on a tour of India.
Varanasi, Ayodhya, Lucknow, Agra, Vrindavan and Hathras, they set out towards the Himalayas. It was at Hathras railway station that he initiated the station master Sharat Chandra Gupta and named him Sadanand, making him his first disciple.
In the year 1890, Swamiji returned to Varahnagar. In February 1891, Swamiji became one-sided and traveled as a family for two years. During this visit, he came in contact with the Rajput royal family of Rajasthan, the Maharaj of Alwar and Khetri took initiation from him. After traveling to Rajasthan, he set out on a journey to South India via Mumbai.
On 23 December 1892, Swamiji reached Kanyakumari, where he stayed for three days in a long and grave mausoleum. Returning from there, he met his Gurubhai Swami Brahmanand and Swami Turyanand residing in Abu Road, Rajasthan.
In this meeting, he explained his anguish and said, “I have traveled all over India. Seeing the poverty of the country and the sufferings of the people, I am very distressed, now I am going to America for their liberation ‘. It is well known that after Swami Ji’s visit to America, there was a great change in the thinking and thinking of India around the world.
Swami Vivekananda’s speech in Chicago
On 31 May 1893, Swami Vivekananda left Mumbai for America to attend the World Parliament of Religions. He arrived in Chicago in late July via Sri Lanka, Panama, Singapore, Hong Kong, Canton, Nagasaki, Osaka, Kyoto, Tokyo, Yokohama on a tough sea voyage.
After going there, he came to know that in the first week of September, the Dharma Sansad will start, but Swamiji was upset to learn that only the representatives of the well-known institutions will get a chance to speak here.
He first approached a friend from Madras to deal with this problem but was disappointed, then he contacted Professor John Henry Wright of Harvard University. Professor Wright invited Swamiji to deliver a speech at Harvard.
Professor Wright was so impressed by Swamiji’s speech at Harvard that he told Swamiji that it is the same as asking the introduction of you, just as it is to ask the Sun, with what authority he is shining in the sky.
After this, Professor Wright wrote a letter to the Chairman of the Parliament of Religions, that this great man should be allowed to join the Parliament of Religion, not on behalf of any institution but as a representative of India.
On 11 September 1893, the Parliament of Religions began in Chicago. When Swami Vivekananda’s turn came to address the Dharma Sansad, he was a little nervous and drops of sweat shone on his forehead. The people present there felt that this young monk who came from India would not be able to speak anything, then, while restraining himself, Swamiji meditated on his Guru and after that, he kept listening to the Dharma Sansad which came out of his mouth.
Swami Ji’s first words in this speech were – My brothers and sisters in America. Everyone was taken aback by this sweet words of Swamiji’s love and the auditorium resonated with applause for about two minutes, after which Swamiji gave such an eloquent speech full of spirituality and knowledge that the speech (in Speech) history Was written
In the speech given by Swami Vivekananda in Chicago World Religion Parliament, where he knew Vedic philosophy, there was also hidden the message of living peace in the world, in his speech, Swami Ji attacked the fanaticism and communalism.
After this, for the day the Parliament of Religion continued, Swamiji gave the world the knowledge about Hinduism and India, which created a new image of India. After the Parliament of Religion, Swamiji’s respect increased not only in America but also worldwide. His handcuffed photo became famous as ‘Chicago Pose’, his picture of the historical speech was captured by a photographer named Thomas Harrison in his camera.
After the end of the Parliament of Religion, Swami Vivekananda continued to propagate the teachings of Vedanta in America and Britain for the next three years. On 15 January 1897, Swamiji reached Sri Lanka from the US, where he was strongly welcomed.
After this they reached Rameswaram and departed by rail towards Kolkata, people gathered in large numbers to see and hear them all the way. Addressing the people, Swamiji put development at the center. They had understood that their country is in dire need of development beyond spirituality.
Returning to Kolkata, Swami Vivekananda laid the foundation of the Ramakrishna Mission on 1 May 1897, the main objective of the Ramakrishna Mission was to step into the field of hospitals, schools, colleges, and sanitation to build a new India.
By now Swami Vivekananda had become a role model for the youth of the country, in the year 1898, Swamiji established Belur Math and gave a new dimension to the Indian philosophy of life.
Swami Vivekananda continued his journey in India. On the other hand, once again he left for America on his second foreign trip on 20 June 1899, Swamiji opened spiritual centers at places like California, San Francisco, Alameda, etc. and gave charge to his Gurubhai Swami Turyanand.
In July 1900, Swamiji went to Paris where he joined the Congress of the History Releases. He returned to India in December, traveling in Vienna, Kustuntunia, Athens, and Egypt, staying in Paris for almost three months.
The journey of his journey continued continuously in India too, on July 4, 1902, at the age of 39 years, Swamiji gave up his body in Belur Math.
Swami Vivekananda’s Contribution to Humanity and Nation
He used to say – ‘Get up, wake up, wake up yourself and wake others up. Make your human birth successful and do not stop until you achieve the goal.
Swami Vivekananda was not only a saint, a great philosopher, a great patriot, thinker, and writer. He was an outspoken opponent of religious fanatics and orthodoxy.
He did spiritual thinking only by keeping religion at the center of human service. Distressed to see the poignant condition of the country and the people here, Swamiji had once given a rebellious statement that thirty-three crores hungry, poor and malnourished people of this country were installed in temples like deities. Go and remove the idols of deities from temples.
Swami Vivekananda believed that the squeeze of the ideas of the best thinkers of Hinduism is still a matter of envy for the whole world. Swamiji had understood the needs of the people of every corner of the world, that was the reason that when he talked about spirituality in America and Europe, he used to talk about development in India.
He knew that there is material development abroad and that India needs it, but he was not seeking that development and prosperity but was able to achieve it on his own.
Swamiji believed that we have a lot more than the countries of the West and what we can give to them, but for this, we must first develop our resources.
In the course of this development, Swamiji wanted a big contribution from the youth of the country. Therefore, he had opposed the Macaulay education system in the country, he used to say that the aim of this education system is only to increase the number of babus.
Swami Vivekananda was an advocate of such an education system in the country which could lead to the all-round development of the children and youth of the country. He considered practical education as useful instead of theoretical education, he considered practical education as the biggest source of self-confidence along with character building.
Just a few days ago our Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that the date of September 11 in America will always be remembered for two major events. He said that on this date, there were two explosions in America in two centuries, one explosion was for the welfare of humanity and the other explosion to tarnish humanity on the contrary.
Narendra Modi’s clearest sign was the World Famous Speech given to Swami Vivekananda in Chicago on 11 September 1893, while on September 11, 2001, there was a terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in New York.
Swami Vivekananda gave everything to the country and the world with his thought and philosophy whose significance is still alive for human welfare. Swamiji has always been an inspiration for the youth of the country and will continue to be an inspiration for the generations to come, if we continue on his path, then nothing can stop India from becoming the world guru.
So, friends, this was Swami Vivekananda’s life story. We hope that you have gained a lot of inspiration and energy from the life of Swami Vivekananda and from this Hindi Biography and you will lead a great life by following the path shown by Swamiji as your ideal.
If you like this biography of Swami Vivekananda, then please reach out to as many people as possible and share it on social media. Thank you