Essay on Natural Disasters for Class 9
Essay on Natural Disasters for Class 9: In this article, we have written an Essay on Natural Disasters for Class 9 in English. In this, we have given complete information about the cause, type, impact, and management of the accident. In this essay, we have provided comprehensive information about all kinds of disasters in 3000 words.
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Let us first tell you what a natural disaster is? So let’s start – Essay on Natural Disasters for Class 9.
Essay on Natural Disasters for Class 9 | What is a natural disaster?
Any natural event that causes damage to human life or material is called a natural disaster. Natural calamities have been a challenge to human existence for centuries.
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Natural calamities such as fires, floods, avalanches, landslides, earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis, cyclonic storms, cloud bursts in the forests repeatedly warn humans. At present, we are using indiscriminate natural resources due to which the balance of nature is deteriorating.
This is the result of man’s arbitrariness. These disasters are also known as ‘God’s wrath or anger.’ Today, man is indiscriminately exploiting forests, forests, plains, mountains, mineral substances for his interest. As a result of this, natural calamities have started increasing day by day.
We should use natural resources carefully. Due to such disasters, there is a massive loss of life and property.
If we talk about some big natural disasters in India and around –
- In 1999, there was a great cyclone in Odisha in which more than 10 thousand people died.
- No one can forget the 2001 Gujarat earthquake. More than 20 thousand people died in it. The earthquake occurred on
- 26 January 2001. In this, districts like Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Surat, Gandhinagar, Kutch, Jamnagar were utterly destroyed.
- A tsunami struck in the Indian Ocean in 2004. It affected Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, South India. More than 2 lakh people lost their lives in this.
- In 2014, there was a severe flood in Jammu and Kashmir in which more than 500 people died.
There are many types of natural disasters –
- Forest fire
- Flood and torrential rain
- Drought (famine)
- Avalanche, hunger
- Cloud burst (cloudburst)
Such calamities come for some time but cause tremendous amount of damage. It destroys all houses, complexes, cities, and large amounts of life and property damage. Everyone proves to be dwarf in front of them. Below we have explained in detail about all these natural disasters.
Environmental impact of natural disasters
Natural disaster brings with it a lot of destruction. This causes a huge loss of wealth. Houses, houses, buildings, bridges, roads are broken. There is a loss of crores of rupees.
Rail, road, airways get interrupted. Wildlife is destroyed, the environment gets polluted. Forests are destroyed, damaging the ecosystem. Everything is destroyed in the city, country where earthquake, flood, tsunami, storm, landslide, etc.
Millions of people become homeless. Phone connection is lost. Climate changes. Lakhs of people suddenly drift into the cheek of time. Natural disaster always leaves terrible destruction behind. The city has to struggle again to rebuild it.
Crores of rupees have to be spent again. Disasters like floods, torrential rains, hailstorms destroy all the crops leading to shortage of food grains in the country. People fall prey to hunger. Due to natural calamities like drought, pandemic, disease spreads throughout the state, causing thousands of people to die.
Types of natural disasters and their disaster management
Now let us tell you one by one in detail about the type and management of all-natural disasters-
1. What is an earthquake?
The sudden movement of the Earth’s surface is called an earthquake or earthquake. There are cracks in the Earth, and there are sharp shocks. Homes, houses, buildings, bridges, roads are all broken due to an earthquake. Thousands of people die due to being buried in buildings.
Earthquakes occur due to movement and collision in the plates inside the Earth. On 26 January 2001, there was a devastating earthquake in Gujarat. More than 20000 people lost their lives in this. Nepal had a devastating earthquake in April 2015, killing more than 8000 people. More than 2000 people were injured.
- In case of an earthquake, immediately come out of the building, building, house, office, and open.
Do not stand near any building.
- Hide under a table
- Do not use elevators during an earthquake. Descend the stairs.
- As long as the tremors of the earthquake kept sitting in the open space outside.
- If in a car, park the car in an open area. Get out of the car.
2. What is a lightning fall?
Lightning falls from the sky to the ground in the rainy season. Every year 24000 people in the world fall victim to electricity. Friction arises when clouds in the air go in opposite directions.
It produces electricity which falls on the ground. Since there is no conductor of any kind in the sky, power reaches the ground, searching for conductors. During the rainy season, one should not stand near the electric poles. Lightning strikes are joint when torrential rains occur. Every year hundreds of people die from lightning.
- Whenever the weather is terrible, there is lightning in the sky, never stand under any tree and stay at least 5-6 meters away. Stay away from electric poles.
- Stay away from metal objects. Stay away from electrical appliances. Do not use mobile phones.
Do not stand on the top of the hill.
- Do not take a bath in water. By doing this, you can avoid the electricity.
- If there is no hiding place around you when the lightning strikes, then sneak in by entering a pit-like site, or sit with your head down, bend your knees, and sit with the help of claws, and connect your two legs and ears. Close with fingers.
3. What is a tsunami called?
The definition of tsunami is “harbor waves” Hazardous waves of tsunami arise due to movement, seismicity, cracks, displacement, moving plates at sea level. The speed of these waves can be up to 400 km / h. The height of the waves can be more than 15 meters. There is a massive loss of money and wealth due to the tsunami.
It destroys the surrounding areas, beaches, ports, human settlements. On 26 December 2004, a tsunami in the Indian Ocean killed 2.8 million people in 11 countries. More than 1 million people became homeless. There was a loss of crores of rupees. In this tsunami, the southern end of India, “Indira Point,” was destroyed.
Management on tsunami
- Create a Survival Kit to protect against Tsunami. Keep food, water, phones, medicines, first aid kit in it.
- Before the tsunami strikes, do the drill twice to get out of your place. You must have a good route so that you can move from that place to a safe place immediately.
- It would help if you had a map of the city because thousands of people start going out of the town after the Tsunami.
- You have been listening carefully to the government warning, meteorological department warning. Most tsunamis come after earthquakes.
- If the animal behaves strangely, the birds start leaving the place; then, it can be a sign of Tsunami.
- It is essential to pay attention to the fact that seawater goes back several meters before a tsunami strikes.
- To avoid a tsunami, move away from the beach to someplace.
4. What is a flood?
When suddenly there is a lot of rain in some place, the water fills up. In such a situation, roads, roads, fields, rivers, drains are all filled. Life gets blocked. This situation is called a flood. This rainwater keeps flowing.
People living in the lower parts are forced to leave their homes when the flood occurs. There is a lot of damage to crops. Animals and birds die due to excessive flooding. It becomes severe for people to live. In 2005, there was a severe flood in Mumbai, in which 5000 people killed. In this, the city of Mumbai was stopped entirely.
Flood disaster management
- To avoid the flood, one should move to a safer place where there is no water.
- Take with you essential items like food, medicines, torches, drinking water, rope, knives, phones.
- Turn off the household electrical switch in flood.
- Keep valuables of the house, precious papers in the top floor.
- Do not run in the flowing floodwaters. You can get carried away by this.
- Stay away from the fallen electric wire. You may feel current.
5. What is a cyclone?
In our country, cyclones often come in the Bay of Bengal. They are caused by low air pressure on the sea surface. Strong winds run in a circular form with rain, which leads to terrible destruction on the beach.
These range from Category 1 to Category 5 according to speed. Their speed can exceed 280 km / h. The Korean cyclone came in the country in 1839, in which more than 20,000 people died. In 1999, a hurricane named 05B hit Odisha in which more than 15,000 people were killed.
Cyclone storm management
- One should stay in the house when storms, storms, and cyclonic storms occur. Should not get out of the house.
- All window doors must be closed. Should remain in a pucca house.
- Lightning is lost when there is a storm. Therefore, keep batteries, torches, fuel, phones, lanterns, matches, food,
- drinking water in advance.
- Also, keep first aid kit. Keep listening to local radio broadcasts.
6. What is famine or drought?
In a drought, there is no rainfall at any place for many months and years, due to which the groundwater level falls. This affects agriculture severely. There is a crisis of drinking water for domestic animals, birds, and humans, due to which animals, animals, humans die. Drought causes problems like malnutrition, starvation, epidemics.
Due to drought, no crop is cultivated at that place. It is of 3 types – seasonal drought, aquatic drought, agricultural drought. Due to lack of rain for several months, excessive exploitation of groundwater, deforestation, loss of water cycle, excessive cutting of trees, excessive mining on hills, all these are responsible for the drought.
Ways to deal with drought
- To deal with the problem of drought, rainwater should be conserved in tanks and natural reservoirs.
- Seawater desalination should be done so that seawater can be used for irrigation.
- The impure water should be purified again. Wastewater can be used in household cleaning, washing vegetables, watering the garden, cleaning cars, vehicles.
- More rainfall can be obtained by seeding Badal.
- To avoid the problem of drought, more and more trees should be planted.
- In areas where there is a problem of drought, people should use limited amount of water.
- In such areas, factories that exploit excess water, industries should be closed.
7. Forest fire
In the summer season, there is often a fire in the forests. Human and natural reasons are responsible for this. Many times, the workers leave grass and leaves on fire so that the light spreads throughout the forest.
Many times the dry rays are ignited by the hot rays of the sun. In the state of Uttarakhand, there is a frequent fire in the pine forests.
Forest fire management
- Forest Department employees should be immediately informed if there is a fire in the forest.
- It is challenging to extinguish a forest fire. It can be destroyed with the help of more staff and modern equipment.
- A forest fire can be extinguished by spraying water with a helicopter.
- A police call should be made immediately after a forest fire.
- To avoid harmful fumes, the cloth should be tied over your mouth.
- Must go to some safe place.
- The house on the edge of the forest should be evacuated. Firefighters should call.
8. What is an avalanche?
An avalanche is the sudden slipping of snow (snow), debris, rocks, tree plants, etc. in the mountains. This type of natural disaster arises on snow-capped mountains. It is very destructive. When coming in its way, it breaks down houses, houses, trees, and plants.
Thousands of people die every year by suppressing it. It destroys roads, bridges, highways. Avalanche occurs due to the construction of roads by cutting mountains, human work, frequent rains, earthquakes, tremors in the ground, excess snowfall, accumulation of excess depression in the delta.
Avalanche Disaster Management
- Roads can be protected on the hills by making a network of iron wire to prevent snow falling in avalanches.
- With software, you can find places in the mountainous areas where avalanches can occur.
- Avalanches can be prevented by planting more trees on the mountains, cutting slopes, making platforms, forced walls.
9. What is a landslide?
This natural disaster is a geological phenomenon. Landslides are events like hill, rock, rock, land slipping, collapsing, falling, mud flowing. It can be from small to large amounts. Small stones fall downwards in small landslides.
In a massive landslide, the entire hill itself falls. This causes loss of life, property, and wealth. It is caused by heavy rains, earthquakes, surface movements, human activities such as cutting trees on the mountains, cutting rocks, roads, houses, water pipes.
- One should leave the place immediately after landslide.
- You should carry a safety kit with you, which contains essential items, first aid boxes, drinking water.
- The radio kept watching weather information on TV.
- If your house is in a landslide area, plant more trees all around. Trees keep the mountains tied.
- Keep checking the area around your house regularly.
- Stay away from the place where there is a danger of falling rock from above.
- Always keep the phone number of the helicopter or rescue team with you.
10. What is a volcanic eruption?
Volcanoes cause intense eruptions of hot lava, ash, gas from within the Earth. This process can be slow and fast. This natural disaster is of 3 types – an active volcano, dormant volcano, dead volcano.
In the same year 2018, 33 people died, 20 people were injured, and more than 17 lakh people were affected by the volcanic eruption in Guatemala. Volcanic smoke is very harmful. When it explodes, it spreads in the sky more than 100 km, due to which the aircraft has to be canceled.
Disaster management on volcanic eruption
- Immediately take the valuables with you and go to a safe place after the volcano erupts.
- Take your pets as well.
- The meteorological department kept listening to the local radio broadcasts so that you keep getting new information.
- Keep a map of local routes with you.
- Along with it, a lifesaving kit should also be kept along with medicines, torches, drinking water, and other items. I stayed with friends and family (not alone).
- Keep the number of the rescue team with you.
- Cover your cars with plastic covers to protect your vehicles, machines from volcanic ash.
11. What is an epidemic?
When a disease spreads in a particular area in a big way, it is called an epidemic. It spreads through the air, touching, water due to infection. Sometimes it spreads throughout the country. In 2009, H1N1 influenza (swine flu) disease spread throughout the world. Soon it spread to India too. Two thousand seven hundred people died of swine flu in India, and more than 50 thousand people became ill.
Millions of people across the world have been infected by the Novel Corona Virus (nCOVID), which started in China in 2019. Because of which thousands of people lost their lives.
Disaster management on outbreak
- Epidemics (infectious diseases) are more frequent during the rainy and cold seasons. Germ-viruses spread quickly through water, so clean water should be drunk. Diseases like diarrhea, dysentery, cholera, periodic fever, jaundice, polio are spread through the intake of impure water.
- To avoid these, freshly chopped vegetables, fruits should be consumed. Wash hands thoroughly before eating. Get fingernails, beards, and haircuts regularly.
- Take soap and garbage daily and wash your hands thoroughly after eating.
- Stay calm when any natural disaster strikes. Ignore the rumors. Follow government orders, do not remain alone. He stayed with his family.
- Keep the phone number of the police, hospital, fire service, ambulance, rescue team with you.
- Keep an emergency kit with you. It should have matchbox, torch, rope, knives, water, tape, battery-operated radio.
- Keep your credentials, papers, necessary papers with you.
12. What is Hail?
When the drops of water present in Badalo in the sky become extremely cold and falls on the ground fiercely in the form of snow, it is called hailstorm or precipitation natural disaster. It is also called Ola Girna in everyday language. It often falls afternoon in the summer season. Hailstorms often occur when thunder and lightning flashes a lot.
Hailstorms cause maximum damage to farmers. Due to excess hail, the crops are covered with snowballs and are destroyed. If the ice balls are large, then the glass of the house, window, car breaks. A few months ago, there was a loss of 2.5 crores due to hail storm in Himachal Pradesh. Apple, pear crops were ruined.
13. What is a cloudburst?
This natural disaster is also known as a cloud blast. When the clouds move with a large amount of water and any obstacle in their path comes suddenly, then the clouds suddenly burst. Due to this, millions of liters of water suddenly fall in that place. Vast amounts of water break up sturdy pucca houses, roads, bridges, buildings like cards.
In states like Uttarakhand, Kedarnath, Badrinath, Jammu, and Kashmir, there are frequent cloudburst events due to Himalayan mountains, hills, hot air coming in the path of Badal. In 2013, a cloudburst in Uttarakhand killed more than 150 people. There was a massive waste of money.
In today’s article, we have given you information about various natural disasters. You can also avoid these disasters by adopting measures to prevent it. I hope you have liked this article Essay on Natural Disasters for Class 9.