In today’s article, we have given brief information about the history of the Pallava Dynasty, as well as their rulers.
It is the main dynasty of South India which we know as the Pallava dynasty, its capital Kanchipuram was built. We also call it Kanji, if we see it in the map of India, then the present-day Tamil Nadu is a part of Andhra Pradesh and there used to be the kingdom of Pallavas. The Pallavas ruled in northern Tamil Nadu and part of southern Andhra Pradesh.
Beginning of Pallava Dynasty:
The Pallava dynasty begins with Singh Varman, who was called the founder of the Pallava dynasty, but even before that many kings came but they were not all independent, they were dependent on one or the other. When the Satavahans came after the Maurya dynasty, their ancestors too had lived before them, their ancestors had not created any independent territory of their own.
It is written in many books that Singh Vishnu, the son of Singh Varman, is the true founder of the Pallava dynasty. When the sons of Singh Varman came, they became completely independent and they also defeated the Chola Empire, the Chera Empire.
The Pallava dynasty was a famous dynasty of South India. It is said of the Pallava dynasty that these people of this dynasty were local clans. The meaning of Pallava is lata and it is made by translating a word in the Tamil language “Tendai” and it also means lata. That is why we also call the Pallava dynasty a resident of the state of Bataan.
The Pallava dynasty first established its kingdom from Kanchipuram in the fourth century and ruled over the Telugu and Tamil regions for some 600 years. Bodhidharma was also of this dynasty, he spread meditation yoga all over China. Something about the ancient history of the Pallavas is not quite clear.
It is believed that the kings of the Pallava dynasty called themselves Kshatriyas. The kings of the Pallavas were born after seven vehicles. They ruled over southern Andhra and northern Tamil Nadu. Singh Varman had two sons, Singh Vishnu and Bhima Varman.
Bheem Varman’s dynasty also-ran, but he became the king much later, when Nandi Varman came 2, his empire came in front of people.
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Time of Singh Vishnu (575-600):
Singh was the first major king to Vishnu, during the time of Singh Vishnu, his empire ran only till Mahendra Varman-1, Narasimha Varman-1, Mahendra Varman-2 Parameshwara Varman-1, Narasimha Varman-2, Parameshwar Varman-2. Also over.
Apart from this, Vishnu Singh was given the title of Avansingh meaning lion of the earth. He was a devotee of Lord Vishnu, he also defeated the Chola, Pandey and Chera, rulers. The Varahamandir was built in Mamallapuram and was named Mahavali Pooram, it is located in Tamil Nadu.
Mahendra Varman-1 (600-630 AD):
Mahendra Varman-1 Singh was the son of Vishnu, Mahendra Varman held many titles such as Matvilas, Vichitrachit, Gunabhar, Shatrumall, etc. He was a worshiper of Jainism earlier, but under the influence of apparition, he adopted Shaivism.
Mahendra Varman-1 propagated the art of stone by cutting stones, many temples were built by cutting stones from his time.
Mahendra Varman was educated by the famous music composer. He founded a book called Matavilasaprahasan which was a comic book. The book named Bharavi was also composed in Mahendra Varman-1, but Bharavi lived in the court of Mahendra Varman-1’s father.
Narasimha Varman-1 (630-668 AD):
The period of Narasimha Varman-1 is called the most important period in the Pallava dynasty. Published-2 was also murdered by Narasimhan Varman-1, who defeated Pulichana three times in the war, Publication belongs to the Chalukya dynasty Pulichen Mahendra Varman-1 who was the father of Narasimha Varman-1 had defeated him. If seen, the struggle of the Pallava and Chalukya dynasty was going on since Mahendra Varman-1.
Narasimha Varman-1 defeated Pulika and captured Vatapi and thus got the title of the Vatapi Code. He was called the winner of Vatapi. Narasimha Varman-1 settled the city called Mahamallapuram.
Although Chinese traveler Hensang Harshavardhana came to India at the time, it came to revolving Kanchi at that time Narasimha Varman-1 was running. In the creation of the Chinese traveler Hensang, the reign of Narasimha Varman-1 is also mentioned in CU Ki and the Chinese traveler Hensang in his creation has given his reign as a diamond. Narsingh Varman-1 had built a temple of chariots which was like a chariot.
Mahendra Varman-2 (668 – 70 AD):
Narsingh Varman-1 had a son Mahendra Varman-2. His reign lasted only two years as Mahendra Varman-2 was killed by Vikramaditya-1, son of Publication-2.
Parmeshwar Varman-1 (670-695 AD):
He was a follower of Shaivism, he held the titles like Ekamalla, Gunabhajan, Ranjay, Ugandand, etc. Ganesh temple of Mamallapuram was also built during his time.
Narasimha Varman-2: (695-720 AD)
Narsingh Varman-2 Kailashnath Temple of Kanchi and Shore Temple of Mahabalipuram were also constructed during his reign. Narasimha Varman-2 sent his ambassador to China for the first time in the Pallava dynasty, his reign was almost peaceful, he gave himself the title of Raj Singh and Shankar Bhakta.
Parmeshwar Varman-2: (720-731 AD)
He is said to have been killed by the ruler of the Ganga dynasty. In this way, no one of their descendants survives after Parmeshwar Varman-2, then Nandi Varman of Bhima Varman is made a king from here.
Dynasty of Bhim Barman:
Nandi Varman-2 (731- 795):
With the consent of the capital and public, a second branch of the Pallava dynasty was chosen as Raja, son of Harinya Varman, whose name was Nandi Varman. When Nandi Varman-2 fought with Danti Durg, Nandi Varman is defeated in this war, but later there is a treaty in which both Reva, daughter of Dundi Durg is married to Nandi Varman-2 and so on. Their empire remains Nandi Varman was a follower of Vaishnavism. He built the Mukteswar temple of Kanchi. Thus the Pallava dynasty went even further.