Makar Sankranti Essay | Best Makar Sankranti Essay English

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Makar Sankranti Essay | Makar Sankranti Essay English 2020

Makar Sankranti Essay English: Friends, today we have written an essay on Makar Sankranti festival, with the help of Makar Sankranti Essay, we have told about the prevailing cultures and thought streams for this festival in simple language, as well as in various states of India. The way it is celebrated is also described.

Essay on Makar Sankranti is for class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and college students. We have written this essay keeping in mind the convenience of all the students of the class in different word limits.

Best Makar Sankranti Essay in English 150 words

One of the main festivals of India is also the main festival Makar Sakranti which is celebrated almost all over India. This festival is celebrated on a fixed date every year. This festival is celebrated on Wednesday, 15 January 2020.

This festival is celebrated in all states with different names and different ideologies. According to the old texts, on this day, the sun enters the Capricorn sign from Sagittarius and hence this festival has been named Makar Sakranti.

On this day, sesame laddus are made in many places, kites are flown in some places and khichdi is made on this day in the state of Uttar Pradesh. And the states in which the holy rivers flow

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The people there wake up in the morning and bathe in those rivers and bow to the sun god. In this way, this festival is a mixed form of different ideologies and cultures.

Short Essay on Makar Sankranti in English 300 words

Our country is a country of festivals, so some festival is celebrated here every day, due to festivals, despite being such a huge country, people here love each other.

One of the festivals celebrated prominently and cheerfully in India is Makar Sakranti which is celebrated with a different name and culture in each state of India.

In all the states, this festival has been given a different name like in Gujarat and Uttarakhand this festival is known as “Uttarayan” in the states of Haryana Himachal Pradesh Punjab, this festival is known as “Maghi” and Uttar Pradesh West The festival of Sakranti in Bihar is also known as “Khichdi”.

According to the Hindu calendar, the Sun changes from time to time in 12 zodiac signs according to which the Sun enters the Capricorn sign on the day of Makar Sankranti, hence this festival is called Makar Sakranti but according to scientists on this day, This festival is organized when the Sun is on the Makar Rekha.

Generally, people prepare sweet dishes like sesame seeds, Ghevar, khichdi, etc. on this day and enjoy this festival by offering Bhog to their favorite deity. With the coming of Makar Sakranti, the crop of farmers is also ready.

They also donate some part of their crop and celebrate the festival with great fervor. Kite flying is also done on this day in states like Rajasthan which shows the happiness of the people.

People believe that on this day, whoever donates to charity, who gets more virtue than other days, that is why people donate sweets, blanket clothes, elephants on this day. In this way, this festival is celebrated in a very interesting manner in all the states.

Makar Sankranti Essay in English 500 words

One of the predominantly celebrated festivals in Hinduism is Makar Sakranti, which is celebrated with great fanfare on January 14 of January every year. This festival is celebrated every year on January 14, only a few years come in which this festival is celebrated on January 15.

This festival of Makar Sakranti is celebrated with pomp in India as well as in countries like Nepal Bhutan Bangladesh and Nepal, a state holiday is also declared on this day. This festival symbolizes the arrival of spring, at this time the weather is pleasant all around and there is a different freshness in the season.

This festival of Makar Sakranti is celebrated in almost all the states of India but people call this festival by different names in all the states. This festival is a festival filled with joy, which is liked by everyone from children to elders.

On the day of this festival, different cultures and ideologies are seen in all the states, which works to connect all people. According to the calendar of Hinduism, on this day, the Sun enters the Capricorn sign after exiting Sagittarius, hence this festival is called Makar Sakranti.

In Hinduism, all auspicious works start from this day, therefore, this festival is also given more importance. In the state of Tamil Nadu, this festival is celebrated as Pongal, where people cut their crop and offer it to the Sun God on this day.

In states like Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, the festival is known as Sakranti. In Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, this festival is known as “Maghi”. In the state of Uttar Pradesh, riders are known as Khichdi because Khichdi is offered to the Sun on this day.

In Rajasthan, colorful kites are flown on this day, which is a symbol of happiness and also made of jaggery and sesame laddus. This festival of Makar Sakranti is called the biggest February of charity, people believe that whatever is donated on this day gets more virtue.

That’s why people start distributing blankets, clothes, sweets among the poor on this day, on this day some people also distribute syrup and pakoras. People from the states through which the holy rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati originate, bathe in the rivers at the time of sunrise and offer water to the sun. He believes that by doing this, all the obstacles in his life are overcome.

After this day, India’s biggest Kumbh fair is organized. This festival itself carries many cultures and ideologies, which is liked by people of every section of the society, that is why everyone celebrates the festival of Makar Sakranti with great pomp and gaiety.

Makar Sankranti Essay in English Full Essay

Preface –

Kanpur, the festival of Makar Sankranti, is a festival of happiness and cheerfulness because on this day people of every class are happy, poor people get good clothes and sweets, so they are also happy and those who donate are happy by earning merit.

This festival is celebrated with great pomp in the country of India as well as in Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, etc. according to the traditions of Hinduism. Every state has a different tradition of celebrating this festival in India, even though the methods of celebrating this festival may be different but the aim of all is to make charity.

This is the first major festival of the year in Hinduism, so people have a lot of desire to celebrate this festival with pomp.

When is the festival of Makar Sankranti –

The auspicious festival of Makar Sakranti will be celebrated on 14 and Wednesday, 15 January 2020. According to the calendar of Hinduism, the festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated on the same day in the month of Pausha when the sun enters the Capricorn sign from Sagittarius.

Why is the festival of Makar Sankranti celebrated –

There are different types of people behind celebrating the festival of Makar Sakranti, but according to Hinduism, the festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated on the same day when the sun enters the Capricorn sign from Sagittarius and hence the name of this Chauhan. From ‘Sakranti’ to “Makar Sakranti”.

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According to scientists, before this day, the sun used to rise in the south direction through the east direction, but after this day, the sun rises in the east direction and sets in the northern hemisphere, hence the night time starts to shorten from this day and The days start getting bigger.

Different names of Makar Sankranti –

Makar SankrantiKarnataka
PolentaUttar Pradesh and West Bihar
MaghiHaryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab
Paush SankrantiWest Bengal
Bhogali BihuAssam
UttarayanGujarat, Uttarakhand
Shishur SankrantiKashmir Valley
Tai Pongal, Uzhwar TirunalTamil Nadu
Makar SankrantiTelangana, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Odisha, Haryana, Bihar, Maharashtra, Manipur, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Goa

Culture prevalent in the states on the festival of Makar Sankranti

Rajasthan –

In Rajasthan, the festival of Makar Sakranti is celebrated differently, here on the day of Makar Sankranti sweets of goodies, sesame seeds, Ghevar, jalebi, etc. are made. On this day, people also fly colorful kites to show their joy, which looks very beautiful in the open sky.

On this day everyone from children to elders is busy flying kites and also enjoys sweets and dumplings, dumplings. The women listen to the stories of the sun god on the day and also keep a fast. All auspicious works also begin on this day in Hinduism.

Uttar Pradesh, Paschim Vihar –

People in Uttar Pradesh and West Bihar know this festival as Khichdi because on this day, khichdi is made in almost all the houses there and the sun god is offered as well as the people go to bathe in the rivers flowing there. is.

And after offering water to the Sun, even after this, donations are done in the form of religion such as distributing fruits, distributing clothes, blankets, and other things that are donated. People believe that by donating on this day, they get more merit than other days. it occurs.

Tamil Nadu –

In Tamil Nadu, this festival is celebrated as Pongal festival, people who believe in Tamil Nadu Hinduism, cut their crops and offer it to their favorite deity. For people there, this day is a symbol of happiness and prosperity.

Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana –

In the states of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, this festival is known as Maa, in Punjab, this festival is celebrated only on January 13, which is also named Lohri. People there burn wood and put sesame maize and other sweets in it and worship it.

Gujarat, Uttarakhand State –

In the state of Gujarat and Uttarakhand, this festival is also known as Uttarayan because at this time the sun rises in the east direction and sets in the north direction, hence it is called Uttarayan. People here also distribute a lot of sweets and do charity.

Maharashtra –

In Maharashtra, the festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated with great pomp here where women donate cotton salt and oil to married women. The women here also distribute sesame seeds and goodies. They believe that people share sweet and good food by distributing jaggery laddoos.


In Bengal, it is customary to donate sesame seeds on this day, a huge fair is organized on this day in the Ganges Sagar, where all the people celebrate this festival with great enthusiasm. Because here on the day of Makar Sankranti, a fair of Gangasagar is held here

On the same day, people who bathe in the river perform all the pilgrimage, a saying is also very popular, “All Tirath repeatedly, Ganga Sagar once.”

Assam –

People of Assam know this festival as Magh-Bihu or Bhogali-Bihu. People here also make sesame seeds and believe in doing charity on this day.

Importance of Makar Sankranti –

Historical significance – According to mythological beliefs, on this day Lord Surya visits his son Shani at his home. Since Shanidev is the lord of Capricorn, this day is known as Makar Sakranti.

According to another mythological and historical incident, on this day Bhishma Pitamah had sacrificed his life and on this auspicious occasion of Makar Sakranti, the river Ganga followed Bhagiratha and reached Samandar (Sagar) via Kapil Muni’s ashram.

Social importance – As we have mentioned above, this festival is celebrated by everyone according to their methods and ideas, so there are many colors of this festival, this festival is a festival of happiness, wealth and charity.

On this day, all the people meet each other and celebrate this festival with great pomp. Even though people may see diversity in names and cultures about this festival, this festival works to connect people because nowadays people have become so busy in the runaway life that they are unable to give even time to their people.

It is only through these festivals that we can meet each other and share our happiness. That is why it is a symbol of every happiness and harmony.

Epilogue –

Today, festivals are the biggest strength of India in the runaway life because people know each other only because of festivals and due to these, they share their happiness and sorrow. Due to these festivals, despite the differences among the people of India, unity is seen here.

One of these festivals is Makar Sakranti, which holds major importance in Hinduism, this festival is celebrated all over India as well as in Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, etc. Festivals always work to connect people, that’s why everyone loves festivals.

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