Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Biography in English
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Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Biography
Mokshagundam, KCIE (popularly known as Sir MV, 15 September 1861 – 12 April 1962) was an Indian engineer, scholar, politician and Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918. He was the recipient of Bharat Ratna, the highest honor of the Republic of India in 1955. He was knighted by King George V as Knight Commander of the British Indian Empire (KCIE) for his public good contributions.
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15 September is celebrated as Engineer Day / Engineer Day in India in his memory. He is held in high regard as a festival, he is renowned as a prominent engineer of India. He was the chief engineer responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagar Dam in Mysore. He was also the principal designer of the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad.
The early life of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was born on 15 September 1861 in a Brahmin family, in the village, Chiklapur district (divided from Kolar district), Mysore state (now Karnataka), India. His father’s name was Mokshahundam Srinivasa Shastri and mother’s name was Venkataalakshma. His father was a famous Sanskrit scholar.
His ancestors hailed from a village called Mokshagundam. It is a small village between Giddalur and Podili on State Highway 53 (Andhra Pradesh) in Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh. Visvesvaraya lost his father at the age of 12. He attended primary school in Chikballapur and attended high school in Bangalore. He graduated in Arts from Central College, Bangalore, and in 1881 was an associate at the University of Madras and later studied Civil Engineering at the prestigious College of Engineering, Pune.
Visvesvaraya worked in the Public Works Department (PWD) of Bombay and was later invited to join the Irrigation Commission of India. They implemented a highly complex system for irrigation in the Deccan region.
In 1906-07, the Government of India sent him to Aden to study the water supply and drainage system. The project he designed was successfully implemented in Aden.
Visvesvaraya when he attained the status of a celebrity. Then designed a flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad. He was instrumental in developing a system to protect the Visakhapatnam port from erosion of the sea. Visvesvaraya supervised the inauguration with the concept of building the KRS Dam across the Kaveri River. When this dam was built, it became Asia’s largest reservoir.
Visvesvaraya gave his valuable technical advice for the location of Mokama Bridge over the Ganges in Bihar. He was over 90 when he did this. Was called the father of modern Mysore (now Karnataka) state. During his service with the State Government of Mysore, he served at the Mysore Soap Factory, Parasitoid Laboratory, Mysore Iron Ispat Bhadravati at Sri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic Institute, Bangalore Agricultural University, State Bank of Mysore, Century Club, Mysore Chamber of Commerce, University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering He was instrumental in establishing works in Bangalore, Bengaluru and many other industrial undertakings. Made a significant contribution.
He encouraged private investment in the industry during his tenure as the Diwan of Mysore. He was known for his honesty, time management, and dedication. A very important part of his nature was his love for his mother tongue, Kannada. He established the Kannada Council for Kannada uplift. He wanted to set up seminars for Kannada lovers and organized them in Kannada itself.
Sir M. Vishwasaraya has designed and planned the entire area of Jayanagar in South Bengaluru. The foundation of Jayanagar was laid in the year 1959. It was one of the first planned areas of Bangalore and, at the time, the largest in Asia. It is believed that the fielding, designed by Sir M. Visvesvara, is one of the best-planned layouts in Asia.
Mokshagundam Vishveshvaraya’s career
Joined service as an assistant engineer in Bombay in 1885; Served in Nashik, Khandesh and Poona, services rendered to the municipality of Sukkar in Sindh: 1894: designed and completed the waterworks of that municipality, 1895. Executive 1896 Engineer, Surat; 1897-99 Assistant Superintendent Engineer, Poona; Visited China and Japan in 1898. Poona, 1899 Irrigation Executive Engineer, Sanitary Engineer, Bombay and, 1901 Sanitary Board Member, 1901 Irrigation Commission, gave evidence before Indian
The Lake Fife storage reservoir was painted by him, designed and built the automatic gate. Introduced a new system of irrigation known as the block system. 1903; Represented Bombay Government in Shimla Irrigation Commission, 1904; On special charges, 1905; Superintendent Engineer, 1907; Visited Egypt, Canada. The United States and Russia, 1908; As Engineer, services were rendered on special consultation, supervision and operation of engineering work in connection with Mushi floods in Hyderabad, 1909.
1909; Retired from British service, 1909 Chief Engineer and Secretary to Government of Mysore, Diwan of Mysore, PW and Railway Department in 1913, Director of Tata Steel, Diwan of Mysore bust of Visvesvaraya on 1927-1955 G.I. for selection for voluntary retirement in 1908 After that, he took a foreign tour to study industrialized nations and thereafter, for a brief period, he took the Nizam of Hyderabad, India. Worked.
He suggested flood relief measures for the city of Hyderabad, which was under constant flood risk by the Musi River. Later, during November 1909, he was appointed as the Chief Engineer of the state of Mysore. Also, in the year 1912, he was appointed as the Diwan (Second Minister) of the princely state of Mysore. He was Divan for 7 years.
With the support of Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV, Visvesvaraya, the Maharaja of Mysore, contributed well as the Diwan for the all-round development of the Mysore state. Not only the above achievements but also their establishment or active nurturing for them in many other industries and public works.
He was instrumental in founding the Government Engineering College in Bangalore in 1917. It is one of the first engineering institutes in India. The university was named by its founder as Vishweshraya College of Engineering. He also appointed several new rail lines in the state of Mysore.
Wards are given to Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
Bharat Ratna Medal, Knight Commander of the Indian Empire Medal, Visvesvaraya has been recognized in various fields, most notably in the field of education and engineering, Visvesvaraya Technological University, located in Belagavi, the university that has the highest number of engineering colleges in Karnataka Are connected, named in his honor, as well as the university Isveshwaraya College of Engineering, Bangalore, Sir M.
Visvesvaraya Institute of Technology, Bangalore and Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur. College of Engineering, Pune, Alma Mater has erected a statue in his honor. A museum at the Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technical Museum, Bangalore is named in his honor.
Death of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
Mokshagundam Vishveshwarya Ji died on 12 April 1962 at the age of 102 years 6 months and 8 days.