Ramlila Festival in English
Ramlila’s program is one of the significant cultural events celebrated in India. It is a type of drama staged, which is based on the life of Prabhu Shriram, one of the main worshipers of Hinduism. It starts a few days before Dussehra and ends with Ravana’s combustion on Dussehra.
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The Ramlila program is staged with much fanfare in India as well as other countries like Thailand and Bali. The history of this program of Ramlila based on the life events of Maryada Purushottam is quite ancient as this festival is being celebrated in India even before the 11th century.
Ramlila Festival in English | Best Festival in India 2021
In the year 2021, the staging of Ramlila in most areas of India will begin on Tuesday, October 8 and end on Sunday, October 25.
Why is Ramlila celebrated?
The Ramayana is one of the most ancient Hindu texts written by Maharishi Valmiki. This scripture written in Sanskrit is based on Lord Shri Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
In which his life struggles, values, work done for human welfare are described. Ramlila is staged on the basis of Ramayana itself, in which the description of the life of Maryada Purushottam Prabhu Shri Ram is seen.
During the Ramlila stage, various stages and events of Lord Shri Ram’s life are staged. Despite being the prince of a large and prestigious kingdom, he spent many years of his life in the jungles, following his father’s word.
He always gave the message of mercy, humanity and truth to people walking on the path of religion. After killing his demon enemies, he got them duly cremated because they believed that any of our enemies is our enemy till they survive. We do not hate him after his death, after killing his own enemy Ravana, he atoned for one year for his murder.
Despite being the prince and future king of such a large state, he married only one, in fact, his life is an inspiration for humanity. It is for this reason that Ramlila’s programs are organized at various places across the country to stage these great works of his life.
How Ramlila is celebrated – customs and traditions
Though Ramlila’s story is based on the epic ‘Ramayana’ composed by Maharishi Valmiki, the screenplay of Ramlila which is staged today is based on the epic Ramcharitmanas composed by Goswami Tulsidas. Although the mode of the staging of Ramlila is different in India and other countries, the story is based on the life of Lord Shri Ram.
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In many places of the country, Ramlila starts staging from the first day of Navratri and ends with Ravana Dahan on Dussehra. However, Ramlila celebrated in Ramnagar, Varanasi lasts for 31 days. Similarly, silent Ramlila is also staged in cities like Gwalior and Prayagraj. In which nothing is spoken by the characters, but only by their gestures, the entire Ramlila program is phased.
A large number of people gather to watch Ramlila’s program all over India. Various elements of Ramayana are seen in all the Ramlila of the country. In Ramlila, the characters staging these characters are decorated as per their character.
Lord Ram’s life is described in detail in Ramlila in many places, then it is mainly in the form of Sita Swayamvar Vanvas period, Nishaad crossing the Ganges, Sita Haran, Angad’s messenger, Events such as Hanuman Ji conveying the message of Lord Sri Ram to Mata Sita and burning Lanka, fainting of Laxman Ji and bringing Sanjeevani by Hanuman Ji, Meghnath slaughter, Kumbhakarna slaughter, Ravana slaughter are prominently displayed.
On the day of Dussehra, with the burning of effigies of Ravana, Meghnath and Kumbhakarna, the entire program of Ramlila ends.
Modern tradition of Ramlila
There has been a lot of change in the present form of Ramleela and its celebrations today. In today’s time, when frenzy and fanaticism are at its peak, this program of Ramlila organized during Dussehra has not remained untouched by this.
Before independence, Ramlila programs were organized from Lahore to Karachi. Muslims, along with Hindus, went to see Jim with great curiosity. Translated into Urdu language, Ramayana was recited in his court during the reign of Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar himself.
Along with this, Ramlila was staged on the banks of Yamuna in Delhi. Both Hindus and Muslims donated jointly for this program. But things have changed a lot in today’s time. Nowadays, religious fanaticism and hysteria have increased greatly. In many areas of India, many types of bad events are heard during the Ramlila stage.
In today’s time, everyone is trying to prove their religion and sect to be superior. If we wish, we can learn a lot from staging the life of Prabhu Shriram shown in Ramlila and learn this will prove to be very beneficial not only to Hindu society but to the whole world. We should try as much as possible that we celebrate Ramlila with each other in good faith so that its real importance remains.
Importance of Ramleela
Ramlila has a different significance of its own; in fact, this program serves to give us a unique message of humanity and values of life. Today, people are witnessing the decline of moral values day by day. If we have to promote truth and religion in today’s time, then we have to follow the path of Lord Shri Ram.
By learning from their sacrifice and work have done for worship, we can also contribute significantly to the development of society by making our lives better.
If we adopt the common things shown in Ramlila in our life, then we can bring many big changes in society. Small things are shown in Ramlila based on Ramayana such as going to the forest by Sri Rama to obey his father’s word, eating shabri hats, not making any distinction between people, to protect truth and religion.
Many important things are told like suffering, which gives us important messages like keeping the promise, removing discrimination and staying on the path of truth.
In fact, if we wish, we can learn a lot from the enlightening things given during Ramlila stage, and if we adopt some of these things in our life, then it can bring a big change in the society. This is the reason why the Ramlila staging program is so important to us.
History of Ramlila
The history of this program of Ramlila folk drama based on the life of Maryada Purushottam Sri Rama is quite ancient, and it is believed that Ramlila started in North India and from here it was spread everywhere.
Many such historical evidences have been found regarding Ramlila, which shows that this festival is being celebrated since the 11th century. Although its old form was based on the epic ‘Ramayana’ of Maharishi Valmiki, the Ramlila staged today is based on Ramlitha Goswami Tulsidas’s ‘Ramcharitmanas’.
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There are many beliefs about the current form of Ramlila in India; scholars believe that it started in the 16th century in Varanasi. It is believed that the Kashi King of that time-resolved to get Ramlila in Ramnagar after completing the Ramcharitmanas of Goswami Tulsidas. After which it was staged for the first time in Varanasi by the disciples of Goswami Tulsidas.
Ramlila is quite famous in many other countries as well as India. Apart from India, Ramlila is also staged in countries like Bali, Java, Sri Lanka, Thailand. Ramlila of Thailand is quite famous in these countries, Ramlila Manchaan in Thailand is known as Ramkirti. Although this Ramlila is slightly different from the Ramlila that takes place in India, yet its characters are based on the characters of Ramayana.
India had a great influence on South Asian countries in ancient times. The businessmen, the knowledgeable and the curious people always used to travel in the regions of South Asia to search for trade and new places. Because of him, this cultural heritage of India was prevalent in many countries. According to historians, Ramayana is being staged in Thailand since the 13th century.